DNA Diversity in the Polish Roma
A recently published report from the Institute of Biological Problems
of the North, Russian Academy of Sciences, Portovaya str. 18, 685000 Magadan, Russia, by;
Malyarchuk BA, Grzybowski T, Derenko MV, Czarny J, Miscicka-Sliwka
D., offers weighty, scientific support for the contention that not all Romani are Roma/Rroma and that, whilst all the various
Nation Tribes and groups may have similarities sufficient to class us all as one People, the Romani or 'Gypsy', we are not,
all of the Nation Tribe "Roma".
Although the study itself persists in the erroneous use of the
style "Roma" as a generic name for all Romani People, it does, nevertheless, reveal important DNA variations among some 'Polish'
Although the report is given in technical, scientific language, it
is quite clear that findings of the research point to definite ancestral differences among groups of the Polish Romani population.
"The results of complete mtDNA sequencing clearly indicate that
the Romani M*-lineage belongs to the Indian-specific haplogroup M5, which is characterized by three transitions in the
coding region, at sites 12477, 3921 and 709. Molecular variance analysis inferred from mtDNA data reveals that genetic
distances between the Roma groups are considerably larger than those between the surrounding European populations. Also,
there are significant differences between the Bulgarian Roma (Balkan and Vlax groups) and West European Roma (Polish, Lithuanian
and Spanish groups). Comparative analysis ofmtDNA haplotypes in the Roma populations shows that different
haplotypes appear to demonstrate impressive founder effects: M5 and H (16261-16304) in all Romani groups; U3, I and J1
in some Romani groups.
Interestingly, haplogroup K (with HVS I motif 16224-16234-16311)
found in the Polish Roma sample seems to be specific for Ashkenazi Jewish populations.
Whilst I'm no scientist, nor have I any expertise in the area of DNA
studies, I am well aware of the reliance placed upon DNA evidence; I would therefore, offer the results of this
research as yet further 'proof', (If such were needed?), of the erroneous attempts by some Gohja politicians and 'Gypsy
exploiteers', with European support, to have all "Romani" classed as "Roma/Rroma".
My own view, shared by others in this group, is that the Roma were
among the last of all Romani groups to make their way into Europe, most of them destined to endure outright slavery for
many generations and, as a direct consequence, suffer unusual changes to the more traditional Romipen in ways not experienced
among the earlier-arriving Sinti and Kale. Such 'unusual changes' may be seen in the consumption of horse flesh, and
the practice of 'child-marriage', things that were not and are not in mainstream tatcho Romipen?
Tom O (Romanichal)
The Lord Ramh said;
"And the greatest of these, my gifts, is Understanding."